Seed Mixes & Blends
Newsom Seed is a Mid-Atlantic seed company supplying grass seed and landscaping supplies to the wholesale trade. We have one of the largest seed blending facilities on the East Coast. The equipment used is state of the art, cleaning and mixing seed to the highest quality available.
We not only inventory stock mixes, but also do custom mixing to the customer's specifications.
We also can mix Maryland Certified Mixes, such as those used for Maryland State Highway and Maryland sod farms. These mixes require that the seed be tested by the Turf & Seed Division of the Maryland Department of Agriculture. Once the testing has been done and approved, the Department of Agriculture schedules the day the mix will be done. On that day, a representative from the Department of Agriculture is present to supervise the entire mixing procedure. The Department of Agriculture preprints the tags like the one below. These tags are sown on each bag.
As you can see in the photos to the left, not only do we provide seed in 50 pound bags, but also in 1,000 lb. bulk bags. These are typically used on sod farms.
Popular Seed Mixes
Newsom Tall Fescue Blend
100% Tall Fescue
We use 3 varieties of tall fescue in this very popular mix. The tall fescues stay green in the summer, tolerate heat & drought, and can tolerate a fair amount of shade. All the varieties are improved varieties, locally adapted with narrow blades and from the Maryland/Virginia Recommended List - TT-77.
Newsom Trio Mix
80% Tall Fescue
Trio Mix is our most popular mix. The tall fescues stay green in the summer, tolerate heat & drought, and can tolerate a fair amount of shade. The perennial ryegrass establishes quickly providing erosion control until the turf becomes established. The Kentucky bluegrass complements the mix, and repairs any damage done by traffic or disease. All the components are improved varieties, locally adapted with narrow blades and a very pleasing appearance.
Newsom Premium Mix
90% Tall Fescue
Newsom Premium Mix is our most popular elite mix. The tall fescues stay green in the summer, tolerate heat & drought, and can tolerate a fair amount of shade. The perennial ryegrass establishes quickly providing erosion control until the turf becomes established. All components are improved varieties and are taken from the Maryland/Virginia Recommend List - TT-77.
90% Tall Fescue
Hydro-Mix is our most popular hydroseeding mixture. It establishes quickly to provide soil stabilization. The tall fescues are the workhorse of this mix. They withstand the heat and drought that frequent the Transition Zone. Use on construction sites, new home building and industrial sites.
Newsom Shade Mix
35% Creeping Red Fescue
Shade is always a hard place to grow grass. To improve the chances of success, our mixture contains 4 species. 85% is comprised of 3 "fine" fescues, all of which tolerate low levels of light and dry soil.
LC Shade Mix
65% Creeping Red Fescue
The LC (Landscape Contractors) Shade Mix contains most of the same species as our Newsom Shade Mix but the breakdown is a little different, making it more economical for when your job requires more than just a few bags.
GLS Plus Perennial Ryegrass Blend
100% Perennial Ryegrass
GLS Plus Perennial Ryegrass Blend is the Professional's choice for demanding applications that call for top playability as well as insurance against the devastating Gray Leaf Spot and companion diseases like warm temperature Brown Patch and Pythium.
Sow at 6 lbs. per 1000 sf.
Newsom Econo Mix
50% Tall Fescue
This mix is similar to the Temp/Perm mix. It will give you very quick erosion control along with permanent seed characteristics.
Newsom Temp/Perm Mix
With the addition of 25% tall fescue, this mix gives you the versatility of a temporary mix with the endurance of a permanent mix at a very economical price.
Newsom Athletic Mix
70% Perennial Ryegrass
A mix that provides quick establishment & ability to self-repair, the Newsom Athletic Mix contains Improved Perennial Ryegrass & Kentucky Bluegrass varieties from the MD/VA recommended list.
Newsom Ecology Mix
70% Hard Fescue
Newsom Ecology is an excellent mixture to use in low-maintenance areas such as golf course out-of-play areas, hillsides and shaded areas.
This mix will grow to less than 24 inches in height before developing very attractive seedheads, which provide an aesthetic "meadowing" appearance.
Sow at 150 lbs per Acre.
Newsom Wildflower Mix
10 Species of Perennial Wildflower
Newsom Wildflower Mix is modeled after research performed by John Krouse with the University of Maryland. Each species is selected for its adaptability to our area, giving you the best chance for a successful wildflower meadow.
Pasture Master Horse Pasture Mix
This mix is excellent for cattle or horses. It is endophyte-free and contains components that are designed for the Mid-Atlantic region.
Seeding rate is typically 50 lbs per Acre.
Bag size is 25 lbs.
Click Here to view the seed tag
Tall Fescue Blends
Winning Colors Tall Fescue Blend
100% Tall Fescue
Winning Colors is an "Oregon Certified" Turf-Type Tall Fescue blend containing 4 of the best tall fescues on the market. Together, these 4 varieties make Winning Colors a winning combination of better varieties to yield better turf - producing excellent color, overall disease resistance, brown patch resistance, mowability, drought resistance, and heat tolerance.
100% Tall Fescue
Top Choice lawn seed products are the right start to a beautiful lawn. Top Choice's quality ingredients are subject to rigorous inspection standards. This allows us to bring you seed that is 99.9% weed free. Top Choice only contains varieties that are selected for your region. Our simple-to-follow directions will produce a lawn that is attractive, durable, and easy to maintain. Top Choice is very dependable and your satisfaction is guaranteed.
Maryland Certified Mixes
SHA Turfgrass Mix
95% Certified Tall Fescue
Approved for Maryland State Highway use for permanent seed projects. Mixed in presence of MDA Inspector in order to have the orange SHA tag affixed
SHA Temporary Mix
Approved for Maryland State Highway use for temporary seed sites. Mixed in presence of MDA Inspector in order to have the orange SHA tag affixed
Click here to see an illustration found on a seed tag.
The tag above is an example of a Supervised Mix done with the Maryland Department of Agriculture. This is a mix that has been specified by Maryland State Highway. If you will notice, the seed must be used by September 30, 2013. If the seed is not used by that time, a sample must be taken by the Maryland Department of Agriculture and retested to make sure that the germination level still meets the minimum requirements.
The date for retesting is determined by the original test date. On the tag, the test date is December 2012. The seed must be retested after 9 months, which would after September 2013.
All Maryland Certified Mixes, whether SHA, sod mixes or otherwise, must be retested 9 months after the original test date on the tag.
Another frequent question pertains to "Pure Live Seed." How does one determine Pure Live Seed or PLS? Let's take the tag above.
If you look at the germination levels, they are all at 90%. Now take the Other Crop, Inert Matter, Weed Seed and add them together.
.05 + .73 + .00 = 0.78%
100% - 0.78 = 99.22% Purity
To determine PLS, multiply the purity by the germination level. 99.22 x .90 (90%) = 89.30% PLS (Pure Live Seed)
Maryland Certified Sod Mix
The tag above is an example of an Interagency Mix done with the Maryland Department of Agriculture. The mix is a Maryland Certified Sod Mix.
Maryland Certified Sod Mix
90% Certified Tall Fescue
For a sod farm in Maryland to grow Certified Sod, they first must purchase Maryland Certified Sod Seed. Then their fields must be inspected throughout the year by a field representative from the Maryland Department of Agriculture. The inspector makes sure there are no weed issues and that the turf is healthy and viable.
Newsom Seed is a distributor for Ernst Conservation Seeds of Meadville, PA. We have a long term relationship in working with Ernst, helping to provide many specialty seed species and mixes to meet the growing demand of this market segment. With the increased attention by state and federal agencies toward wetland areas and conservation concerns, native mixes have become specified in bid packages more and more.
Below we have listed many of their stock mixes that we can provide. Keep in mind that the specific species in each mix can vary from time to time depending on the availability at the time the order is placed. We can also have custom mixes made to meet almost any specification.
These are specialty mixes and need to be ordered 3-5 days in advance of when you will need them.
Mixes Listed by Mix Number
- #101 - Best Strip Mine Mix
- #102(1) - Pipeline Mix with Switchgrass
- #103 - Good Value Mine Mix
- #105 - Northeastern US Roadside Native Seed Mix
- #107 - Pasture and Hay Mix
- #108 - Hay Mix
- #109 - Crownvetch Seeding Mix
- #112 - Flat Pea & Perennial Pea Mix
- #114 - Ernst 5311 Conservation Mix
- #117 - Warm Season Grass Mix
- #120 - OBL-FACW Perennial Food & Cover Wetland Mix
- #122 - FACW Wetland Meadow Mix
- #123 - Native Upland Wildlife Forage & Cover Meadow Mix
- #125 - Northeastern US Roadside Native Seed Mix without Grasses
- #126 - Retention Basin Floor Seeding Low Maintenance Grass & Grass-like Species
- #127 - Retention Basin Floor Seeding for Wildlife & Plant Diversity Mix
- #128 - Seasonally Flooded Area Annual & Perennial Wildlife Food Mix
- #130 - Wildlife Food Plot Mix
- #131 - OBL Wetland Mix
- #132 - Right-of-Way Woods Mix
- #132(1) - Native Right-of-Way Woods Seed Mix with Annual Ryegrass
- #133 - Keystone Deer and Turkey Mix
- #133(1) - Keystone Big Buck Mix
- #134 - Right-of-Way Pasture Mix
- #137 - Specialized Wetland Mix for Shaded OBL-FACW Areas
- #138 - Wildlife Food & Shelter Shrub Mix
- #140 - Partially Shaded Area Roadside Mix
- #145 - Midwest Forbs Seed Mix
- #153 - Showy Northeast Native Wildflower Mix
- #153(1) - Showy Northeast Native Wildflower Mix without Grasses
- #154 - Flood Plain Wildlife Mix
- #156 - Low-Growing Wildflower & Grass Mix
- #166 - Journey (Plateau) Tolerant Wildflower & Grass Mix
- #167 - Annual Wildflower Mix
- #168 - Northeast Perennial & Annual Wildflower Mix
- #170 - Annual & Perennial Wildlife Food Plot Mix
- #171 - Multi-Purpose - Multi-Year Wildlife Food & Shelter Mix
- #172 - Maryland Upland Mix
- #173 - Eastern Native Habitat Mix
- #174 - Virginia Gentleman's Mix
- #175 - Waterfowl Buffet Mix
- #176 - Passive Acid Mine Wetland OBL Mix
- #177 - Eastern Ecotype Native Grass Mix
- #178 - Riparian Buffer Mix
- #179 - Butterfly & Hummingbird Garden Mix
- #180 - Rain Garden Mix
- #181 - Native Steep Slope Mix with Annual Ryegrass
- #182 - Carolina FACW Meadow Mix
- #183 - Detention Mix
Pure Live Seed Calculations - Multiple Varieties
Seed mixtures are normally sold by weight of each component that makes up the mixture. Occasionally, specifications are based on the actual pure live seed (PLS) seeding rate or each kind or variety in the mix. Seed mixed and labeled as Maryland Interagency Certified mixtures (blue tag) or as meeting the specifications of the Maryland State Highway Administration (orange tag) must meet high standards of purity and germination.
For example: a specification requires that 6.0 pounds of perennial ryegrass and 1.5 lbs. of Kentucky bluegrass be applied per 1000 sf. This would appear to be an 80% / 20% mixture applied at 7.5 lbs./1000 sf.
The Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass components which are chosen for this mixture show the following test results on their respective tags:
|Perennial Ryegrass||99.08% pure seed||95% germination|
|Kentucky bluegrass||98.67% pure seed||70% germination|
To calculate the PLS of the perennial ryegrass & Kentucky bluegrass:
A: Multiply the % pure seed by the % germination (0.9908 x 0.95) = 94.13% PLS
B: Multiply the % PLS by the required weight (0.9413 x 6.0) = 5.65 pounds
The 6.0 pounds of perennial ryegrass contains 5.65 pounds of viable seed (PLS). Thus, to apply the recommended seeding rate of 6.0 pounds per 1000 sf you will need more than 6.0 pounds of this seed.
To calculate the amount of perennial ryegrass seed you will need:
C: Divide the recommended seeding rate by the PLS weight (6.0 / 5.65) = 1.06 lbs.
D: Multiply C by pounds per 1000 sf (1.06 x 6.0) = 6.36 pounds
A: Multiply the % pure seed by the % germination (0.9867 x 0.70) = 69.00% PLS
B: Multiply the % PLS by the required weight (0.69 x 1.5) = 1.04 pounds
The 1.5 lbs. of Kentucky bluegrass only contains 1.04 pounds of viable seed (PLS). Thus, to apply the recommended seeding rate of 1.5 pounds per 1000 sf you will need more than 1.5 pounds of seed:
To calculate the amount of Kentucky bluegrass seed you will need:
C: Divide the recommended seeding rate by the PLS weight (1.5 / 1.04) = 1.44 lbs.
D: Multiply C by pounds per 1000 sf (1.44 x 1.5) = 2.16 lbs.
To apply 6.0 pounds PLS of perennial ryegrass seed and 1.5 pounds PLS of the Kentucky bluegrass seed, you will need to mix 6.36 pounds of the perennial ryegrass and 2.16 pounds of the Kentucky bluegrass. Thus, you should not mix the seed as an 80% - 20% mixture applied at 7.5 lbs./1000 sf; instead you should mix on the basis of a 74.65% - 25.35% mixture, and seed this at 8.52 lbs./1000 sf (not 7.5 lbs).
Click here for printable version of PLS calculations.